By P. S. W. Davies, T. J. Cole
Physique composition stories are utilized in a wide selection of fields together with human biology, medication, activities technological know-how, epidemiology, and food. they are used to foretell later physique composition from early life measures, to become aware of bone density loss within the aged or in athletes less than heavy education, to evaluate weight problems in young ones and adults, and to enquire the most likely results of malnutrition. lately, there was a resurgence of curiosity within the box of physique composition, including swift improvement of a complete new diversity of overview innovations. during this quantity, new and previous thoughts are evaluated and destiny advancements and goals are mentioned. The chapters suppose little historical past wisdom, and may consequently be helpful to nutritionists, biologists, clinicians and scientific physicists alike.
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Additional resources for Body Composition Techniques in Health and Disease
Physics in Medicine and Biology, 36,1363-75. H. L. (1985). Clinical measurement of body composition using in vivo neutron activation analysis. Journal of Par enter al and Enter al Nutrition, 9, 504-20. J. L. (1984a). Evaluation of an in vivo prompt gamma neutron activation facility for body composition studies in critically ill intensive care patients: Results on 41 normals. Metabolism, 33, 270-280. , Zuidmeer, H. L. (1984b). A prompt gamma in vivo neutron activation analysis facility for measurement of total body nitrogen in the critically ill.
1994). If sequential studies over time are to be performed on the same subject and changes rather than absolute amounts of the elemental content are to be calculated then the results of the analysis can be presented as gamma-ray counts and calibration is simplified. It is emphasised that this is true only whilst the body size and shape of the subject remain constant and the performance of the irradiation and detection apparatus does not change. In practice, even when undertaking sequential studies, phantoms are regularly measured to check the constancy of the latter and to provide normalisation if necessary.
In Human Body Composition. In Vivo Methods, Models and Assessment, ed. J. D. Eastman, pp. 49-52. New York: Plenum. , Ferrington, C M . , (1982). Total-body neutron acivation analysis of calcium: calibration and normalisation. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 27, 697-707. A. & Tothill, P. (1983). Normal levels of total-body sodium and chlorine by neutron activation analysis. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 28, 215-21. J. L. (1986). Body composition of two human cadavers by neutron activation and chemical analysis.