By Abraham Tesser, Norbert Schwarz
This state-of-the-art assessment of intraindividual techniques covers social cognition, attitudes, and social motivation. will probably be necessary for college students with a few wisdom of social psychology who wish an summary and for researchers as an authoritative definition of the sphere that still shows most probably destiny developments.
The guide contains contributions by means of lecturers and researchers from around the globe to make sure a really foreign perspective.After outlining a collection of integrative views: evolutionary and cultural, developmental, and methodological, it is going directly to supply an in-depth therapy of present examine on social cognition and social motivation. The guide concludes with chapters dedicated to examine on utilising cognitive and motivational ideas. totally referenced chapters and bibliographies enable quick access to extra examine.
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Additional info for Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Intraindividual Processes
McDougall, J. (1909). An introduction to social psychology. 2nd edn. Boston: H. W. Luce. McGrath, J. E. (1984). Groups: interaction and performance. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. , & Lykken, D. T. (1992). Genetic influence on risk of divorce. Psychological Science, 3, 368–373. , & Miller, N. (1987). Ten years of research on the false-consensus effect: An empirical and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 102, 72–90. Markus, H. , & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.
Cultural research is uncovering the culturally specific assumptions that have characterized a range of psychological theories pertaining to motivation. In the domain of morality, for example, work has shown that whereas European–Americans approach interpersonal commitments in terms of a voluntaristic stance, captured well by Gilligan’s (1982) morality of caring framework, Hindu Indians maintain a qualitatively distinct “duty based” orientation that does not fit this existing psychological framework (Miller, 1994).
Importantly, it is also considered subjective in that it is assumed that the impact of the situation depends upon how it is construed. g. Nisbett & Ross, 1980). g. Markus, Smith, & Moreland, 1985). From the present perspective, individual difference approaches are seen as completing situational explanations in that they explain why the same situation may vary in its effects across individuals. Individual differences also account for regularities in behavior which persist across contexts, such as relatively enduring individual variation in attitudes, personality, motivation, cognitive style, etc.