By P. Parvatha Reddy
Through ‘Green Revolution’ in past due Nineteen Sixties, India accomplished self-sufficiency in nutrients creation, yet nonetheless the rustic has now not completed self-sufficiency in construction of horticultural plants. lots of the development in nutrition construction throughout the eco-friendly revolution interval is attributed to using larger degrees of fertilizers and insecticides that are carrying on with to smash strong conventional ecosystems. The problem prior to the crop safety scientist is to extend yields from the present land with out harming the surroundings and source base. this is accomplished via adopting green Biointensive built-in Pest administration (BIPM) strategy.
BIPM accommodates ecological and financial components into agricultural method layout and determination making, and addresses public issues approximately environmental caliber and nutrients security. some great benefits of enforcing BIPM can contain lowered chemical enter expenses, lowered on-farm and off-farm environmental affects, and better and sustainable pest administration. An ecology-based IPM has the possibility of lowering inputs of gas, equipment, and artificial chemicals-all of that are power extensive and more and more expensive by way of monetary and environmental influence. Such mark downs will profit the grower and society.
The current ebook offers with the latest biointensive built-in methods for pest administration using parts akin to bioagents [predators, parasitoids and pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses)], botanicals (biofumigation, oil tarts, FYM, compost, crop residues, eco-friendly manuring and different natural amendments), arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, actual equipment (hot water remedy of planting fabric, soil solarization), cultural equipment (crop rotation, summer time ploughing, fallowing, intercropping, pruning, mulching, spacing, planting date, seize cropping, etc.), biorational chemical substances (pheromones) and resistant cultivars. This publication can function an invaluable connection with coverage makers, learn and extension employees, practising farmers and scholars. the fabric can be used for instructing post-graduate courses.
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Additional resources for Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems
P. Reddy, A. Verghese, & N. K. 93–107). , New Delhi. Reddy, P. , Rao, M. , & Nagesh, M. (2002). Integrated management of burrowing nematode ( Radopholus similis) using endomycorrhiza ( Glomus mosseae) and oil cakes. In H. P. Singh & K. L. 344–348). AIPUB, Trichy. 1 Introduction Putter, J. , Mac Connell, F. , Preiser, F. , Haidri, A. , Rishich, S. , & Dybas, R. A. (1981). Avermectins: Novel class of insecticides, acaricides and nematicides from a soil microorganism. Experientia, 37, 963–964. Reichert, S.
1986). Post-harvest losses of citrus fruits caused by these pathogens can account for more than 90 % of all post-harvest losses in semi-arid production areas of the world (Eckert and Eaks 1989). Fig. 9 Gummosis on main stem, foot rot and decline of Nagpur mandarin tree the earliest symptom. The infection starts as water-soaked lesions at the leaf base. By the time the lesions extend to the whole leaf, the leaf drop off. The infection may spread to young twigs and fruits of all stages. The affected fruits show water-soaked patches on rind and subsequently drop off and rot.
Fluorescens at 2 g/G. mosseae at 25 g along with press mud at 3 kg/plant. 1 Effect of Glomus mosseae and oil cakes on population of Radopholus similis and yield of banana Treatment Dose (g)/plant Population of R. 64 200 112 122 G. 68 G. 61 100 + 200 G. 80 G. 1 Banana, Musa spp. Fig. 4 Application of farmyard manure enriched with bioagent to banana plant leaves, leaf area and bunch weight (Jonathan and Cannayane 2002). 3 Root-knot Nematode, Meloidogyne incognita The root-knot nematodes, M. incognita and Meloidogyne javanica attack bananas and may interact with other nematodes or soil pests.