Download e-book for kindle: Between State and Market: Essay on Charities Law and Policy by Jim Phillips, Bruce Chapman, David Stevens

By Jim Phillips, Bruce Chapman, David Stevens

The first portion of the publication includes an summary of the charitable quarter in Canada, a sociological evaluate of altruism in numerous societies, a dialogue of altruism in numerous philosophical and non secular traditions, an financial research of "rational voluntarism," and an overview of the connection among the charitable region and the welfare nation. the second one part comprises 5 papers at the criminal definition of charity, either common (the jurisprudence of the Federal court docket of charm and a suggestion for rethinking the idea that of "public benefit"), and specific (the political reasons doctrine, faith as charity, and a statement at the contemporary significant preferrred courtroom selection at the which means of charity). The 3rd part offers with the tax prestige of charities: papers assessment the present tax credits method and one offers with the management of charities through the Canada Customs and profit company. the ultimate part includes essays on charities and business, at the legislation of fund-raising, and on wanted reforms in non-profit company legislation. At a time whilst the government is set to embark on a variety of coverage projects to aid and keep watch over the non-profit area, those essays are worthy studying for somebody eager about the way forward for the charitable region in Canada. individuals contain Neil Brooks (Osgoode corridor legislations School), Cara Cameron (McGill), Bruce Chapman, Kevin Davis (Toronto), Abraham Drassinower (Toronto), David Duff (Toronto), Richard Janda (McGill), Will Kymlicka (Queen's), Andrée Lajoie (Montreal), Mayo Moran (Toronto), Charles-Maxime Panaccio (office of Mr Justice Charles Gonthier), Jim Phillips, Jane Allyn Piliavin (Wisconsin-Madison), David Sharpe (Attorney-General's workplace, manhattan State), Lorne Sossin (Osgoode corridor legislation School), David Stevens, and Jen-Chieh Ting (Academia Sinica).

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Individual tax-filers earn a tax credit for their donations equal to 17 per cent of the first $250 claimed and 29 per cent of any amount beyond $250 up to a maximum amount of 75 per cent of personal income. 5 billion). See ccra, Tax Statistics on Individuals: 1997 Edition, which analyses individual tax returns for 1995. The median is often used instead of the average, or mean, as the most representative statistic. It is the middle amount, meaning that precisely half of all donors gave less than the median and half gave more.

QXD 1/4/2001 2:52 PM 37 Page 37 The Canadian Charitable Sector that are strongly correlated with both the tendency to donate and the amount donated are education and household income. The more educated a person and the more he or she earns, the more likely he or she is to donate and the larger the amount he or she is likely to donate. Among those with household incomes of $80,000 or more and those with a university degree, 90 per cent reported making a donation. They also reported generous donations: average total donations of $455 and $473, respectively.

1998. population. For all other provinces and territories, the share of donors and donations is more or less equal to the share of national population. 2 illustrates these patterns. Tax-Filer Donors by Province, 1997 Taxation Year In the 1997 taxation year, there was a slightly smaller percentage of taxfilers claiming donations than in 1995, while the median donation for the country rose from $150 to $170. 12 shows noticeable differences in provincial figures. 2 per cent respectively. Tax-filers in Newfoundland and the two territories were the least likely to claim donations (21 per cent, 19 per cent, and 14 per cent of tax-filers, respectively), while those in Manitoba, Ontario, and Saskatchewan were the most likely (30 per cent, 28 per cent, and 28 per cent, respectively).

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