By A. Taylor
Bacchus in Romantic England describes genuine drunkenness between writers and traditional humans within the Romantic age. It grounds this 'reality' in writings through medical professionals and philanthropists from 1780 onwards, who describe an endemic of drunkenness. those commentators supply a context for the several ways in which poets and novelists of the age characterize drunkards. Wordsworth writes poems and essays comparing the drunken profession of his version Robert Burns. Charles Lamb's essays and letters show a true and metaphorical preoccupation along with his personal ingesting as a fashion of disguising his own discomfort; his better half Coleridge writes consuming songs, essays approximately drunkenness, and meditations approximately his personal weak point of will that exhibit either festive inebriety and realization of an inward abyss; Coleridge's son Hartley, whose destiny his father had prophesied, stories drunkenness because the life-long humiliation defined in his poems and letters. Keats's complicated dionysianism runs via 'Endymion' and the overdue odes, atmosphere him at odds together with his temperate hero Milton. males within the Romantic age, reminiscent of Sheridan, Byron, Moor, and Clare, have fun rowdy friendship with stories and songs of ingesting; Romantic ladies novelists reminiscent of Smith, Edgeworth and Wollstonecraft depict those males stumbling domestic to abuse their better halves. even though over the top ingesting is actual within the interval, observers and individuals can nonetheless hold ambivalence approximately its strength to unlock or to debase the individual.
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Extra info for Bacchus in Romantic England: Writers and Drink, 1780–1830
Darwin worries that where people are alarmed if someone ingests a poisonous mushroom, they are 'so familiarised ... ' 46 Darwin reads the Prometheus myth as a temperance allegory, with Prometheus's tortured liver a symptom of cirrhosis: Prometheus's stealing fire from heaven, might 'well represent the inflammable spirit produced by fermentation; which may be said to animate or enliven the man of clay; whence the conquests of Bacchus, as well as the temporary mirth and noise of his devotees. '47 Author of Hygeia: or Essays Moral and Medical, on the Causes Affecting the Personal State of our Middling and Affluent Classes (1802), Dr Thomas Beddoes maintained close connections with major Romantic writers of the period, learning from Mary Wollstonecraft and influencing S.
96) Drunken poet and drunken country reciprocally drove each other to greater drunkenness. Environment and the individual will are perniciously intertwined. Burns's many poems in praise of drink inspired and corrupted his contemporary admirers. To offset this dissolute influence, later biographers have tried to deny Burns's drunkenness and thus to restore his simple, pure reputation. Ignoring the many poems praising drink and drinkers in the first editions of the poetry, and in the longer 'Tam O'Shanter', 'Death and Doctor Hornbook', and 'Tam Samson's Elegy and Epitaph', they censor from letters and memoirs evidence of Burns's wild behaviour.
Scott Fitzgerald, Ring Lardner, Dorothy Parker, William Faulkner, John Berryman, Robert Lowell, Elizabeth Bishop, Jack London, John Steinbeck, Sinclair Lewis, John Cheever, and many others61 -and find ever more reasons for the spiritual emptiness of 'the Alcoholic Republic' ,62 as well as readers who have noted the occasional depiction of drunkards selling their children or spontaneously combusting in nineteenth century English, French, and Russian novels, 63 will be surprised by similar lists, but deeper investigations, in the Romantic era.