Download e-book for iPad: Aspects Of The Theory Of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics. by Igor Mel'cuk, David Beck

By Igor Mel'cuk, David Beck

The publication is devoted to linguistic morphology and it features a comic strip of an entire morphological concept, founded round a dialogue of basic strategies resembling morph vs. morpheme, inflectional class, voice, grammatical case, contract vs. executive, suppletion, relationships among linguistic indicators, etc.: the most popular matters in glossy linguistics! The booklet introduces rigorous and transparent thoughts essential to describe morphological phenomena of typical languages. between different issues, it bargains logical calculi of attainable grammemes in a given class. The presentation is built in a typological standpoint, in order that linguistic facts from a wide number of languages are defined and analyzed (about a hundred typologically very varied languages). the most approach is deductive: the options proposed in features of the idea of Morphology are in keeping with a small set of indefinibilia and every inspiration is outlined when it comes to those indefinibilia and/or different techniques outlined formerly; for that reason, logical calculi may be built (similar to Mendeleev's Periodical desk of parts in chemistry). Then the idea that is utilized to the particular linguistic information to illustrate its validity and merits. therefore, points of the idea of Morphology combines metalinguistic recreation (a approach of techniques for morphology) with typological and descriptive orientation. It reaches out to all scholars of language, together with the border fields and functions.

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Sample text

Now the definition of C is ready. We have to check it to make sure that it: (i) covers all items which are intuitively sufficiently similar to Pjs (cf. Kuipers 1975 on the importance of intuitively felt similarity for linguistics); (ii) rejects all items which are intuitively sufficiently dissimilar to Pjs; (iii) produces results for all intermediate domains where our intuition balks – results that can be supported by further arguments elaborated especially for the solution in question. (Such an instance will be provided by an analysis of the English ‘Saxon Genitive’ in Chapter 2, 4, p.

A typical example is the morphological dependency of the Main Verb [= MV] on a string of conjoined Subjects. Thus, in some Bantu languages, if the conjoined Subjects are of different noun classes1, the class marking of the MV is determined by complex rules which take into consideration the noun class1 of each one of the conjoined Subjects and their respective order. ) The relevant properties of the controller w2 may be of all three possible types – morphological, syntactic, and semantic. 1a of the noun it modifies) or on the values of some features of its syntactics (as when the gender2 of an adjective depends on the gender1 of the noun it modifies, gender1 being a property of the noun which is specified in the noun’s syntactics);4 2.

Feature of syntactics = syntactic featureœ Yi: for example, the gender of nouns, the government pattern [= GP] of verbs and other lexical units, declension/conjugation class. A particular feature of syntactics Yi can characterize a particular wordform w or a lexical unit L. Notations: Yi(w), Yi(L). , Sp. , Rus. , Fr. AVOIR(no passive) ([to] have). Operation of linguistic union . 3, p. 386. Yn; the two formulae are equivalent. , /Yn/}. 10. , Yn. Thus, the sign am is representable only in its signified: (am) = {(be), (INDIC), (PRES), (1 PERS), (SG)}, but not in its signifier: /æm/ ≠ {/bĦ/, /Ø/}.

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