By Gershon Galil
The historical past of the traditional close to East within the 12th-10th centuries BCE continues to be an unsolved riddle. from time to time the veil is lifted and tiny parts of this problematic puzzle glow in a brand new gentle. yet many questions are as but unanswered, and such a lot information are nonetheless imprecise. however, the wide outlines of this age are relatively good agreed by way of so much students: the 3 superpowers Egypt, Hatti and Assyria steadily misplaced their carry and their effect within the region: first the Hittites, simply after 1200 BCE, and some dozens of years later, Egypt and Assyria. Historians normally concur that once the reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I (1243-1208 BCE), Assyria plunged right into a lengthy decline, steadily wasting its western territories to the Aramaean invaders. (...) The stories awarded during this e-book contact on assorted facets of human actions (political, social, fiscal, and cultural), and consult with diversified components of the traditional close to East: from Melid and Hanigalbat within the north to Egypt and Kush within the south and from Assyria and Babylonia within the East to the dominion of Taita and (southern) Philistia within the west. They do even though heart regularly at the Bible and the heritage of historic Israel and its western and japanese associates, compared with different old close to jap cultures. The papers current an intensive vista of views-from biblical and archaeological views and certainly so much of them have been written from an inter disciplinary viewpoint.
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Extra info for Ancient Near East 12th-10th .. AOAT 392 Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University of Haifa, 2-5 May, 2010
In a later edition of Isaiah, dating to the Neo-Babylonian period, the scribes see the Assyrians as being punished by YHWH for their hubris, for the many deportations of foreign peoples, and for the genocide they have committed (Isa 10:5–16). The fall of the capital Nineveh through the Medes and the Babylonians in 612 BCE is reflected in the book of Nahum. The tradition is introduced by a hymnic passage of a psalm that praises YHWH as an avenging God, who takes vengeance on his enemies. YHWH has become a universal warrior who governs the battles of all empires in the world.
14–17). Before the battle the king gives a war sermon in which he admonishes the army to have faith (v. 20). Then the singers in their holy vestments are ranked in front of the battle array of the armed soldiers. 62 There is nothing reported of a Ḥerem; instead of this there is an additional thanksgiving celebration held at the (HThK; Freiburg – Basel – Wien, 2000), pp. 443–451. 60 von Rad, op. cit. (note 1), pp. 129–130. 61 M. Noth, “Eine palästinische Lokalüberlieferung in 2. Chr 20”, ZDPV 67 (1944–1945), p.
24 R. ACHENBACH explain the possible order of tents around a sanctuary to ensure purity and the observance of ritual law among a huge mass of people in the religious congregation than to describe warfare according to sacral regulations. ” (see also Ezek 44:29). Everything that was devoted and consecrated to the Holy One was excluded from profane, non-priestly usage, such as a field consecrated to YHWH (cf. Lev 27:21) or any other thing (Lev 27:28)! The description in Num 31 is an example of Priestly scribal erudition, which discusses problems of a ‘sacral warfare’ in accordance with the distinct kinds of war given in Deut 20, 21 and 13 and with the demands of sacral purity and expiation in narrative form.