By Nai Xia
This e-book offers an in depth research and thorough learn of the original selection of historical Egyptian beads within the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London.
The e-book first discusses the archaeological price of beads and the tactic hired within the examine of them, in particular emphasizing the significance of the means of bead-making for relationship reasons. It then examines and evaluates quite a few schemes for the type of beads. The publication is going directly to suggest a brand new type process and works out a finished corpus of beads via 16 plates.
Next, the ebook encompasses a chronological survey that information the fabric, typology (including the technical peculiarities), use, association and pictorial illustration of beads in the course of the 9 divisions or classes of old Egyptian background. This survey issues out the features of every interval in addition any touch Egypt can have skilled with international nations as proven via the beads. It additionally corrects a lot flawed identifications of fabrics and improper datings.
This booklet relies at the Ph.D dissertation written through pioneering chinese language archaeologist Xia Nai whilst he studied in London university college a few 70 years in the past and who had direct entry to huge firsthand assets on the leading edge of Egyptology learn. It represents a vital and long-awaited improve in archaeology, not just for Egypt yet for the research of the previous throughout Africa and beyond.
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Additional info for Ancient Egyptian Beads
Mollusc shells when used as complete shells are generally regarded as amulets. But they are also cut and worked into ordinary beads. 19 Strictly speaking, mother-of-pearl is the smooth, shining iridescent substance forming the inner coating of pearl shell, while besides pearl shell, there are other seashells used for beads. Here, the term pearl shell is adopted. Slate. See under durite. Soapstone. See under steatite. Steatite. It is a massive variety of talc, and its synonym is soapstone. It is white, grey, greenish, reddish, brown or black.
Lucas, Anc. Egypt. Material, p. 339. 42 McGuire, A Study of the Primitive methods of Drilling. P. 672; cf. Orchard, Beads of the American Indians, pp. 39–41. 43 Reisner, Kerma, IV, pp. 93–94. 44 Brunton, Badarian Civilization, p. 33, pl. XXVI; and Petrie, Tools and Weapons, p. 52, Sect. 144; pls. LXII, LXV. 45 Vernier, La Bijouterie et al joaillerie égyptiennes, pp. 137–138. 46 Lucas, Anc. Egypt. Materials, pp. 64–66. 47 Mond and Myers, Armant, 1, pp. 77–78, pl. XXXIX, 1. 1 Section I: Hard Stone Beads ‘‘jewelled’’ tubular drill by the ancient as advocated by Petrie has very little probability, as already pointed out by Lucas,48 but a solid drill tipped with some hard precious stone (not necessarily diamond) was probably used for drilling such hard stone as beryl from the Ptolemaic period onwards.
The method of building up was either by placing the strips around a rod and pressing them into shape, as described by Beck for the doublestrip beads, or by joining strips together into a large slab N. 1007/978-3-642-54868-0_6, Ó Social Sciences Academic Press(China) and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 23 24 and folding it in the same way as for the ordinary folded beads. This method was commonly used for the mosaic or millefiori beads. Usually, each strip formed a singlepattern cut from a columnar mosaic and had to be joined together in order to repeat the pattern so as to produce a bead of multiple pattern or millefiori.