By Robert Dingwall
In contemporary years the learn of nursing heritage in Britain has been reworked via the appliance of techniques and techniques from the social sciences to unique assets. The myths and legends that have grown up via a century of anecdotal writing were chipped away to bare the advanced tale of an profession formed and reshaped by means of social and technological swap. lots of the paintings has been scattered in monographs, journals and edited collections.
The abilities of a social historian, a sociologist and a graduate nurse were introduced jointly to reconsider the background of recent nursing within the mild of the most recent scholarship. The account begins by way of the kind of nursing care on hand in 1800. This was once often supplied via the ailing person's relations or family servants. It lines the interdependent development of common nursing and the fashionable health facility and examines the separate origins and eventual integration of psychological nursing, district nursing, well-being vacationing and midwifery. It concludes with reflections at the clients for nursing within the 12 months 2000.
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Additional info for An Introduction to the Social History of Nursing
The Nursing Committee of Salisbury Infirmary recommended in 1856, for instance, that ‘in future the wards be cleaned and scoured by persons engaged for that purpose and your nurses kept in every particular distinct from the servants of the establishment’ (Woodward 1974:33). Sisters began to be recruited on a supernumerary basis so that they could learn the role before taking over a ward of their own. Their accommodation was upgraded, meals were provided and rates of pay rose. Rosenberg 23 The Revolution in Nursing (in press: 213) reports similar developments in the United States from about 1840.
In the economic sphere, most production was carried out in household groups of fewer than a dozen active members. Larger work groups would be found only in establishments of great families or a few specialized trades like building, mining or shipping. Many workers, especially in rural areas, were relatively unspecialized with income from agricultural production or casual daily labouring being supplemented by earnings from ‘putting out’ work. This system involved entrepreneurs, particularly in the woollen industry, supplying raw materials and coordinating their movements between various households which performed different aspects of the productive process (Laslett 1983:1–21).
For the first party, 38 women were engaged: 8 sisters from two High Anglican orders, 6 nurses from St John’s House, 5 nuns from each of two Catholic convents and 14 hospital nurses (Summers 1988:38). The last were selected by Mary Stanley, Elizabeth Herbert and another old friend, Selina Bracebridge. The expedition was initially boycotted by the non-denominational Protestant nursing institution founded by Elizabeth Fry which, Summers (1986:36) suggests, may have felt snubbed by the usurpation of Maria Forester’s initiative.