By William McDougall
A pioneering paintings in psychology, this tremendously influential ebook, first released in 1908, served as a catalyst within the learn of the principles of social habit. one of many first surveys to target human motivation, the amount assisted in laying the rules of a brand new self-discipline, isolating the sphere from sociology and common psychology. well known, long-lived and ever proper, this landmark publication continues to be important to academics and scholars of psychology. 1961 ed. one of the issues coated: where of instincts within the structure of the human brain; basic feelings of guy, and the character of sentiments; development of reproductive and parental instincts; constitution of personality.
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We have, then, good reason to believe that the germ of this emotion is present in the animal world, and, if we make use of our second criterion of the primary character of an emotion, it answers well to the test For in certain mental diseases, especially in the early stages of An Introduction to Social Psychology/53 that most terrible disorder, general paralysis of the insane, exaggeration of this emotion and of its impulse of display is the leading symptom. The unfortunate patient is perpetually in a state of elated self-feeling, and his behaviour corresponds to his emotional state; he struts before the world, boasts of his strength, his immense wealth, his good looks, his luck, his family, when, perhaps, there is not the least foundation for his boastings.
The full consideration of the first two modes of complication of instinctive behaviour would lead us too far into the psychology of the intellectual processes, to which most of the textbooks of psychology are mainly devoted. It must suffice merely to indicate in the present chapter a few points of prime importance in this connection. The third and fourth complications will be dealt with at greater length in the following chapters, for they stand in much need of elucidation. In order to understand these complications of instinctive behaviour we must submit the conception of an instinct to a more minute analysis.
The Instinct of Repulsion and the Emotion of Disgust The impulse of this instinct is, like that of fear, one of aversion, and these two instincts together account probably for all aversions, except those acquired under the influence of pain. The impulse differs from that of fear in that, while the latter prompts to bodily retreat from its object, the former prompts to actions that remove or reject the offending object This instinct resembles fear in that under the one name we, perhaps, commonly confuse two very closely allied instincts whose affective aspects are so similar that they are not easily distinguishable, though their impulses are of different tendencies.