By Deborah J. Schildkraut
What does it suggest to be - or turn into - American amidst modern immigration debates? Deborah Schildkraut explores public opinion concerning the implications of yankee identification. Importantly, the publication evaluates the declare that each one americans should still prioritize their American id rather than an ethnic or nationwide starting place identification. nationwide id can improve participation, belief, and legal responsibility. however it may also bring about risk and resentment, and, between individuals of minority teams, it could possibly result in alienation from political associations and co-nationals.
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Extra info for Americanism in the Twenty-First Century: Public Opinion in the Age of Immigration
But traditionally – as well as in our current era – the voices that are more hostile to immigrants appear to be louder and better organized (see Chapter 7 for a more detailed account of immigration history in the United States). Political leaders respond to such organization and noise, as evidenced by the recent decisions of Republican officeholders that some experts say will win them support from their base but will threaten the long-term viability of the party through its alienation of Latinos (Wides-Munoz 2009).
If it turns out to be inaccurate, misperceptions should be corrected, difficult as this may be (Kuklinski et al. 2000; Sides and Citrin 2007). The concerns at the heart of this rhetoric are valid ones to have, as research from social psychology and democratic theory makes clear. Any nation experiencing rapid ethnic change should examine them. But the data needed to test their validity adequately are rarely invoked. Second, beliefs about identity content shape how people feel about contentious policy issues, such as language policy, immigration policy, and government spending on race-related programs (Citrin, Wong, and Duff 2001; Schildkraut 2005a; Theiss-Morse 2006).
Instead, perceptions of group-level and individual-level discrimination are more damaging and promote various forms of alienation from the American political community. In line with social identity and group consciousness theories, adopting a non-American identity can mitigate the effects of discrimination with respect to trust in government, but it can also activate the alienating power of discrimination with respect to one’s sense of obligation to the American people. I also find that perceptions of how one is personally treated are consistently more potent than perceptions of how one’s ethnic or national origin group is treated.