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By Christian G. Fritz

American Sovereigns is a path-breaking interpretation of America's political historical past and constitutionalism that explores how american citizens struggled over the concept that the folk might rule because the sovereign after the yank Revolution. nationwide and nation debates approximately executive motion, legislations, and the people's political powers show how americans sought to appreciate how a collective sovereign-the people-could either play the function because the ruler and but be governed by means of governments in their personal determining.

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35 Despite the growing doubts of some about the people asserting a role as part of the sovereign, rhetoric that the people were America’s sovereign seemed the coin of the American constitutional realm. Even those least comfortable with political democratization used the idea. In Federalist No. 78 Alexander Hamilton identified judicial review as emanating from the principle that all legislative acts contrary to the will “of the people as declared in the constitution” were invalid. S. Supreme Court.

The principle that the people were the sovereign changed the relationship of the governed to their governors. Because the people were the new sovereign, representatives and other governmental officers who served them were subordinate to the new masters, the people. As the sovereign, the collective people inherently could act independent of government and even alter or abolish it. Written constitutions expressed the will of the collective sovereign. During the first decade of constitution-making, the foundations of a revolutionary constitutionalism were firmly laid.

Washington feared that human nature might spell defeat for American Independence. Before experiencing the hardships of war, people “fly hastily, and cheerfully to Arms,” he explained to Congress. But faced with difficult challenges the influence of “Interest” took over. ” Yet Washington did not abandon the revolutionary cause and he came to realize that most American soldiers and civilians who favored Independence continued to persevere. Still, many of the Revolution’s leaders shared Washington’s mixed feelings about the combination of power and unpredictability exhibited by the people.

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