By Harikesh Bahadur Singh, Birinchi Kumar Sarma, Chetan Keswani
The major concentration of this e-book is to survey the present prestige of study, improvement and use of agriculturally vital microorganisms in Asian nations and strengthen a technique for addressing serious matters numerous coverage constraints as a result of which bio-pesticides have chanced on constrained purposes.
during this ebook the editors have attempted to improve a consensus on problems with comparable to caliber necessities, quality controls, regulatory administration, commercialization and advertising and marketing of agriculturally very important microorganisms in Asian international locations. a lot of these concerns are mentioned at nationwide point through useful professionals of Asian international locations together with India, China, Malaysia, Iran, Taiwan, Israel, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Philippines.
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Extra resources for Agriculturally Important Microorganisms: Commercialization and Regulatory Requirements in Asia
Almost none of these technologies were tested in the inoculant field apart from simple polymerization of a few polymers. Many of these emerging technologies from other fields merit testing in the agricultural inoculant industry. It is doubtful that commercial farming practices will significantly change, even to accommodate a technology that delivers a high-quality inoculant. Consequently, the goal should be to create formulations that are farmer friendly, as some of the contemporary inoculants are.
2014; Stelting et al. 2014). While most of these inoculants are used on a small scale for crop production, all polymeric inoculants, as far as we know, are experimental. Yet, because they open a new approach to formulation with endless industrial variations, these inoculants are described and discussed in detail in this chapter. 1). These include far longer shelf life, appropriate survival in the field, sufficient cell density, ease of manufacturing, and improved performance of plants in general (Bashan 1998; John et al.
2012). Survival time of 3 years, without losing viability of the entrapped bacteria, occurred in wet alginate beads at 4 °C for B. subtilis and P. corrugata (Trivedi and Pandey 2008). The longest survival time, without losing efficacy, was 14 years for A. brasilense and P. fluorescens in dry alginate beads (Bashan and Gonzalez 1999). In summary, a practical formulation must maintain enough viable bacteria over acceptable periods of time to ensure successful seed inoculation. Longer shelf life can be obtained by either increasing the number of microbes in the inoculant, so despite a decline in population over time, enough cells remain alive at seeding time.