By Mitsuru Nagasawa
The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence offers the chemical physics box with a discussion board for severe, authoritative reviews of advances in each zone of the self-discipline. This quantity explores issues from Thermodynamic houses of Polyelectrolyte ideas to ion-binding of polyelectrolytes. The publication features:
- The in basic terms sequence of volumes on hand that provides the innovative of study in chemical physics
- Contributions from specialists during this box of research
- Representative cross-section of study that questions validated pondering on chemical solutions
- An editorial framework that makes the ebook a superb complement to a sophisticated graduate type in actual chemistry or chemical physics
Read Online or Download Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 158: Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions PDF
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Extra resources for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 158: Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions
P. Debye, J. Phys. , 51, 18 (1947). 22. P. M. Doty, B. H. Zimm and H. Mark, J. Chem. , 13, 159 (1945).. 23. B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. , 16, 1093, 1099 (1948). 24. P. Outer, C. I. Carr and B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. , 18, 830 (1950). 25. C. I. Carr and B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. , 18, 1616 (1950). 26. C. , New York, NY (1961). 27. M. B. ), Light Scattering, Academic Press, London (1972). 28. A. Einstein, Ann. , 33, 1275 (1910). 29. G. C. Berry, J. Chem. , 44, 4550 (1966). 30. W. H. Stockmayer and E. F. Casassa, J.
The pressure difference (P − Po ) is the osmotic pressure ????. From the thermodynamic relationships (????G∕????P)T = V and ????i = (????G∕????ni )T,P , we have the following relationship between the chemical potential of pure water ????o0 (T, P) and the molar volume of water ????̃o , (????????o0 ∕????P)T = ????̃o (25) By integrating the aforementioned equation from Po to P, we have ????o0 (T, P) − ????o0 (T, Po ) = ????̃o (P − Po ) = ????̃o ???? (26) Substituting eq (26) into (24) gives ???? = −(1∕????̃o )RT ln No (27) MITSURU NAGASAWA 34 If the solution is dilute and ideal, ln No may be expanded into ln No ≈ −(n+ + n− )∕(no + n+ + n− ) so that we may have ????V = (n+ + n− )RT (28) which is called van’t Hoff’s law.
I. Carr and B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. , 18, 830 (1950). 25. C. I. Carr and B. H. Zimm, J. Chem. , 18, 1616 (1950). 26. C. , New York, NY (1961). 27. M. B. ), Light Scattering, Academic Press, London (1972). 28. A. Einstein, Ann. , 33, 1275 (1910). 29. G. C. Berry, J. Chem. , 44, 4550 (1966). 30. W. H. Stockmayer and E. F. Casassa, J. Chem. , 20, 1560 (1952). 31. I. Noda, T. Kitano and M. Nagasawa, J. Polym. , Polym. Phys. , 15, 1129 (1977). 32. J. G. Kirkwood and R. J. Goldberg, J. Chem. , 18, 54 (1950).