By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu deals an cutting edge historical past of archaeology through the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the area. the improvement of archaeology is positioned in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a specific concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the research of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological concept and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in growth, hegemony, and resistance.
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Extra resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
The presence of remains from antiquity in the urban landscape of Rome, once the capital of an empire which had reached most of the known world, was exploited by its rulers, the Popes. The papacy needed to restore its credibility after the schism in the fourteenth century, which had taken their control to Avignon, an event that resulted in three Popes ruling at the same time (Hollingsworth 1994: 227–33). Back in Italy, the Popes of the Wfteenth century employed a great number of humanists while commissioning the most extensive exploitation of antiquities known until then in the city of Rome (Hollingsworth 1994: 245–58; Schnapp 1993: 122–30).
Later, in 1677, the Spanish town of Me´rida dictated the preservation of its archaeological remains through a council bylaw (Mora 1998: 29). Neither Spain nor Italy matched Sweden’s early institutionalization, with the creation of a chair of archaeology in Uppsala in 1662, and the establishment of a College of Antiquities in the university of the same town, an institution that would have a great inXuence for many decades (Jensen 2004: 64; Klindt-Jensen 1975: 26). It also seems that Daniel Georg Morhof (1639–91) taught lessons on antiquity at the University of Kiel (Gran-Aymerich 1998: 115; Schiering 1969).
In Kristiansen 1992: 19). A few decades later the curator of the archaeology collection in Copenhagen, Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae (1821–85), connected knowledge about the past with freedom, independence, progress, and race. Worsaae was one of the Wrst professional archaeologists clearly to advocate antiquity as metaphor for the nation. The ambiguity displayed by much of the archaeological evidence made it possible, in Denmark and elsewhere in Europe, for interpretations to be inspired by nationalism.