By Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst
Experts in argumentation thought current a view of argumentation as a method of resolving transformations of opinion via checking out the acceptability of the disputed positions. Their version of a "critical discussion" serves as a theoretical software for studying, comparing and generating argumentative discourse. This significant contribution to the research of argumentation can be of specific worth to pros and graduate scholars in speech communique, casual common sense, rhetoric, severe pondering, linguistics, and philosophy.
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Additional info for A Systematic Theory of Argumentation: The Pragma-Dialectical Approach
By reconstructing the discourse or text as an attempt to persuade the audience and exposing the rhetorical patterns that are operative. By reconstructing the discourse or text as an attempt to resolve a difference of opinion by conducting the required dialectical transformations. Realm of argumentation studies X Y IV IV P IV Q IV X Y V V P V Q V 39 The empirical estate Which knowledge about argumentative reality that may be of special use to me can I acquire? I can investigate what kinds of audiences have to be distinguished and which rhetorical devices work persuasively on the different audiences.
Each rule is necessary because every violation of any of the rules is a potential threat to the resolution of the difference of opinion, even though there may be considerable differences from one case to another in the degree of seriousness of the violation. ” The code of behavior for conducting a reasonable discussion based on these rules derives its problem validity precisely from the fact that it does not allow any fallacies. The claim that the code of behavior is also valid by intersubjective criteria – and is thus potentially conventionally valid – can, in principle, be made plausible by pointing to the pragmatic and ethical advantages that are connected with observing the code.
The argumentative competence required for dealing properly with all these argumentative situations and using all the necessary skills differs from other competencies in a variety of ways. Argumentative competence is a complex competence that consists of various kinds of different competencies. Because people’s competence in producing argumentation may, for instance, be at variance with their competence in analyzing argumentation or in evaluating argumentation, a differentiation is in this respect required.