By Francis M. Carroll
In this exact and engaging booklet, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the U.S. from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.
Established by way of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly grew to become transparent that ambiguities and mistakes within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, during the nice Lakes and from Lake more desirable to Lake of the Woods, within the middle of the continent. This borderland, progressively filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary international locations peoples - turned the focal point of the main challenge in Anglo-Canadian-American kin for nearly sixty years.
Drawing on broad study and using manuscript fabrics by no means dropped at endure at the topic ahead of, the quest for Boundary is the 1st paintings to completely clarify the efforts of the various Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant foreign makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The booklet additionally offers a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the feel of urgency that at last allowed for negotiation of an inexpensive compromise cost of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A stable and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton referred to as it. choked with the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a notable time within the diplomatic and political historical past of either Canada and the United States.
Winner of the Dafoe booklet Prize, presented through the J.W. Dafoe Foundation
Read or Download A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842 PDF
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Extra resources for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842
The matter of the third commissioner was proposed at a preliminary meeting between Barclay and Howell. Several names were discussed, but when Howell nominated Judge Egbert Benson of New York, the matter was settled. Although Benson was an American, he was also a cousin of Barclay's and, as a result, enjoyed a degree of Barclay's confidence that he would act impartially. S. circuit court. 14 The board of three commissioners was to make its decisions on the questions before it on the basis of evidence submitted by agents of the two countries.
It is often remarked that the document avoided mention of the issues that brought on the war and that in effect it settled nothing. This judgment, however, is too simplistic. British North America - Canada - was secured, and no American soldier ever invaded it again. Many people, including Henry Goulburn, would not in 1814 have believed that possible. For the Americans, their nation was saved with no loss of territory. For the boundary, a process was set in motion that divided the continent; the Rush-Gallatin Convention of 1818 determined that the fortyninth parallel would divide British territory in North America from the United States west from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, with joint occupancy to be the rule for the Oregon territory.
S. interests, particularly those of Maine. However, in the interval between the opening of talks and the arrival of the signed treaty in Washington, DC, the circumstances of the United States changed substantially with its acquisition of a vast territory west of the Mississippi through the purchase of Louisiana. The French did not spell out in any detail the boundaries of the territory that they sold to the United States. This ambiguity, whether deliberate or not, led to decades of disagreement between the United States and its southern neighbours, Spain and later Mexico, over the extent of land acquired in the purchase - namely, about West Florida and Texas.