By A. B McKillop
Targeting the idea of Canada's significant scientists, philosophers, and clerics - males akin to William Dawson and Daniel Wilson, John Watson and W.D. LeSeur, G.M. supply and Salem Bland - A Disciplined Intelligence starts off via reconstructing the relevant strands of highbrow and ethical orthodoxy frequent in Anglo-Canadian schools at the eve of the Darwinian revolution. those comprise Scottish good judgment philosophy and the common theology of William Paley. The damaging influence of evolutionary principles on that orthodoxy and the key exponents of the hot kinds of social evolution - Spencerian and Hegelian alike - are tested intimately. by way of the 20 th century the centre of Anglo-Canadian notion were remodeled by means of what had turn into a brand new, evolutionary orthodoxy. The legacy of this successful highbrow flow, British idealism, used to be monstrous. It helped to spoil Protestant denominationalism, give you the philosophical middle of the social gospel move, and represent a huge strength at the back of the construction of the United Church of Canada. during the 19th century and carrying on with into the 20 th, notwithstanding, the ethical principal in Anglo-Canadian suggestion remained a relentless presence.
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Extra info for A Disciplined Intelligence: Critical Inquiry and Canadian Thought in the Victorian Era
Dugald Stewart, The Philosophy of the Active Powers and Moral Powers of Man (1828) In the middle decades of the nineteenth century, the primary function of Anglo-Canadian educators was to show their students and readers that a properly conducted inquiry into the world of nature, whether physical or human, would reveal the wondrous handiwork of God. One group was of cardinal importance in this endeavour: the men hired by college and university officials to set forth the principles of mental and moral philosophy.
Thanks to the urging of John Strachan, the strong-willed Presbyterian clergyman turned Anglican priest, James McGill had left upon his death in 1813 a legacy for a nondenominational college to be established in Montreal; but litigation by the McGill family and quarrels between the board of governors of the Royal Institute (to which the original bequest had been made) and the governors of McGill College delayed its opening until 1843. No religious tests were to be given to students of McGill, but such was the degree of bitterness between Anglican and Church of Scotland adherents over the college's Faculty of Divinity that the faculty was eliminated and was reconstituted only after nearly a century had passed.
J. 1 By the 1880s Scotland provided the dominant element in the Canadian business elite. 2 The intellectual aspects of this influence on higher education were of three sorts. First, the Scot brought with him to Canada a general appreciation of the necessity for popular education. To a large extent this was part of his Presbyterian inheritance. " It was, instead, "a complex of social aspirations, secular as well as religious, which . . " Moreover, the "democratic intellect" of the Scot, aimed at education, was one which reflected a broad cultural outlook.